On the font issue, see some of these explanations:
(there was a better mail but google isn't finding it for me)
If you want an old X bitmap font, just install it. They aren't in the default install because in OpenOffice for example you'd have a huge font list where almost all the listed fonts were hideous bitmap fonts that wouldn't print properly. Thus the default Fedora/Red Hat configuration is to only have a few bitmap fonts in the bitmap-fonts package. But you can easily add any of the old PCF fonts that you want to have.
It sounds like some people are also still missing that GDK_USE_XFT toggled the font subsystem in use, not whether to antialias. The right way to disable antialiasing (and with GTK+ 2.4, the only way) is to configure fontconfig not to antialias as jamesh posted about above - not to change the whole font backend. Changing the backend just disabled AA as a side effect since the old deprecated backend doesn't do AA.
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