|From:||Mel Gorman <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
|To:||Andrew Morton <email@example.com>|
|Subject:||[PATCH 0/7] Improve hugepage allocation success rates under load V5|
|Date:||Fri, 17 Aug 2012 15:14:26 +0100|
|Cc:||Rik van Riel <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Minchan Kim <email@example.com>, Jim Schutt <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Linux-MM <email@example.com>, LKML <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Mel Gorman <email@example.com>|
Andrew, the biggest change here is that I've reshuffled the patches to simplify merging. Please consider picking up patches 2 and 3 and merging them for 3.6 as they fix a broken commit merged in 3.6-rc1. The rest of the patches can be merged later. Changelog since V4 o Rebase to latest linux-next/akpm o Reshuffle patches for easier merging Changelog since V3 o Add patch to backoff compaction in the event of lock contention o Rebase to mmotm, cope with the removal of __GFP_NO_KSWAPD o Removed RFC Changelog since V2 o Capture !MIGRATE_MOVABLE pages where possible o Document the treatment of MIGRATE_MOVABLE pages while capturing o Expand changelogs Changelog since V1 o Dropped kswapd related patch, basically a no-op and regresses if fixed (minchan) o Expanded changelogs a little Allocation success rates have been far lower since 3.4 due to commit [fe2c2a10: vmscan: reclaim at order 0 when compaction is enabled]. This commit was introduced for good reasons and it was known in advance that the success rates would suffer but it was justified on the grounds that the high allocation success rates were achieved by aggressive reclaim. Success rates are expected to suffer even more in 3.6 due to commit [7db8889a: mm: have order > 0 compaction start off where it left] which testing has shown to severely reduce allocation success rates under load - to 0% in one case. This series aims to improve the allocation success rates without regressing the benefits of commit fe2c2a10. The series is based on latest mmotm and takes into account the __GFP_NO_KSWAPD flag is going away. Patch 1 reverts the __GFP_NO_KSWAPD patch and related fixes. This is so patches 2 and 3 can be merged before 3.6 releases. It is reintroduced later. Patch 2 fixes the upstream commit [7db8889a: mm: have order > 0 compaction start off where it left] to enable compaction again Patch 3 identifies when compacion is taking too long due to contention and aborts. This fixes a performance problem for Jim Schutt that commit 7db8889a was meant to fix. Patch 4 is a comment fix. Patch 5 is a rebased version of the __GFP_NO_KSWAPD patch with one change in how it handles deferred_compaction. Patch 6 updates reclaim/compaction to reclaim pages scaled on the number of recent failures. Patch 7 captures suitable high-order pages freed by compaction to reduce races with parallel allocation requests. I tested with a high order allocation stress test. The following kernels were tested. revert-v5 linux-next/mmotm based on 3.6-rc2 with patch 1 applied contended-v5 patches 1-3 capture-v5 patches 1-7 STRESS-HIGHALLOC revert-v5 contended-v5 capture-v5 Pass 1 0.00 ( 0.00%) 38.00 (38.00%) 45.00 (45.00%) Pass 2 0.00 ( 0.00%) 46.00 (46.00%) 52.00 (52.00%) while Rested 85.00 ( 0.00%) 86.00 ( 1.00%) 86.00 ( 1.00%) From http://www.csn.ul.ie/~mel/postings/mmtests-20120424/globa... I know that the allocation success rates in 3.3.6 was 78% in comparison to 36% in in the current akpm tree. At present the success rate is completely shot but with patches and 3 applied it goes back up to 38% which is what I would like to see merged for 3.6. With the full series applied success rates go up to 45% with some variability in the results. This is not as high a success rate as seen in older kernels but it does not reclaim excessively which is a key point. MMTests Statistics: vmstat Page Ins 2889316 2904472 3037020 Page Outs 8042076 8030516 8026740 Swap Ins 0 0 0 Swap Outs 0 0 0 Note that swap in/out rates remain at 0. In 3.3.6 with 78% success rates there were 71881 pages swapped out. Direct pages scanned 16822 126135 39297 Kswapd pages scanned 1112284 1243865 1534553 Kswapd pages reclaimed 1106913 1203069 1499877 Direct pages reclaimed 16822 113769 26457 Kswapd efficiency 99% 96% 97% Kswapd velocity 899.586 980.634 1218.131 Direct efficiency 100% 90% 67% Direct velocity 13.605 99.442 31.194 kswapd velocity increased slightly but that is expected as __GFP_NO_KSWAPD is removed by the full series. The velocity with the full series applied is 1218 pages/sec where as in kernel 3.3.6 with the high allocation success rates it was 8140 pages/second. Direct velocity is slightly higher but this is expected as a result of patch 6. Pushing direct reclaim higher would improve the allocation success rates but with the obvious cost of increased paging and swap IO. include/linux/compaction.h | 4 +- include/linux/mm.h | 1 + mm/compaction.c | 244 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------- mm/internal.h | 2 + mm/page_alloc.c | 78 ++++++++++---- mm/vmscan.c | 10 ++ 6 files changed, 256 insertions(+), 83 deletions(-) -- 220.127.116.11 -- To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in the body of a message to firstname.lastname@example.org More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
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