|From:||Marek Szyprowski <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
|To:||email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com|
|Subject:||[PATCHv11 0/8] Contiguous Memory Allocator|
|Date:||Tue, 05 Jul 2011 09:41:42 +0200|
|Cc:||Michal Nazarewicz <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Marek Szyprowski <email@example.com>, Kyungmin Park <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Andrew Morton <email@example.com>, KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Ankita Garg <email@example.com>, Daniel Walker <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Mel Gorman <email@example.com>, Arnd Bergmann <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Jesse Barker <email@example.com>, Jonathan Corbet <firstname.lastname@example.org>, Chunsang Jeong <email@example.com>|
Hello everyone, This is yet another round of Contiguous Memory Allocator patches. I hope that I've managed to resolve all the items discussed during the Memory Management summit at Linaro Meeting in Budapest and pointed later on mailing lists. The goal is to integrate it as tight as possible with other kernel subsystems (like memory management and dma-mapping) and finally merge to mainline. Previous version introduced integration with DMA-mapping subsystem for ARM architecture. In this version I've cleaned up it even more and prepared for easier integration on other than ARM architectures. I've also rebased all the code onto latest v3.0-rc6 kernel. A few words for these who see CMA for the first time: The Contiguous Memory Allocator (CMA) makes it possible for device drivers to allocate big contiguous chunks of memory after the system has booted. The main difference from the similar frameworks is the fact that CMA allows to transparently reuse memory region reserved for the big chunk allocation as a system memory, so no memory is wasted when no big chunk is allocated. Once the alloc request is issued, the framework will migrate system pages to create a required big chunk of physically contiguous memory. For more information you can refer to nice LWN article: http://lwn.net/Articles/447405/ and links to previous versions of CMA framework. The CMA framework has been initially developed by Michal Nazarewicz at Samsung Poland R&D Center. Since version 9, I've taken over the development, because Michal has left the company. The current version of CMA is a set of helper functions for DMA mapping framework that handles allocation of contiguous memory blocks. The difference between this patchset and Kamezawa's alloc_contig_pages() are: 1. alloc_contig_pages() requires MAX_ORDER alignment of allocations which may be unsuitable for embeded systems where a few MiBs are required. Lack of the requirement on the alignment means that several threads might try to access the same pageblock/page. To prevent this from happening CMA uses a mutex so that only one allocating/releasing function may run at one point. 2. CMA may use its own migratetype (MIGRATE_CMA) which behaves similarly to ZONE_MOVABLE but can be put in arbitrary places. This is required for us since we need to define two disjoint memory ranges inside system RAM. (ie. in two memory banks (do not confuse with nodes)). 3. alloc_contig_pages() scans memory in search for range that could be migrated. CMA on the other hand maintains its own allocator to decide where to allocate memory for device drivers and then tries to migrate pages from that part if needed. This is not strictly required but I somehow feel it might be faster. The integration with ARM DMA-mapping subsystem is quite straightforward. Once cma context is available alloc_pages() can be replaced by dma_alloc_from_contiguous() call. Current version have been tested on Samsung S5PC110 based Goni machine and s5p-fimc V4L2 driver. The driver itself uses videobuf2 dma-contig memory allocator, which in turn relies on dma_alloc_coherent() from DMA-mapping subsystem. By integrating CMA with DMA-mapping we managed to get this driver working with CMA without any single change required in the driver or videobuf2-dma-contig allocator. TODO: - resolve double-mapping issues with ARMv6+ and coherent memory Best regards -- Marek Szyprowski Samsung Poland R&D Center Links to previous versions of the patchset: v10: <http://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-mm/msg20761.html> v9: <http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/60787> v8: <http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/56855> v7: <http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/55626> v6: <http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/55626> v5: (intentionally left out as CMA v5 was identical to CMA v4) v4: <http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/52010> v3: <http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/51573> v2: <http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/50986> v1: <http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/50669> Changelog: v11: 1. Removed genalloc usage and replaced it with direct calls to bitmap_* functions, dropped patches that are not needed anymore (genalloc extensions) 2. Moved all contiguous area management code from mm/cma.c to drivers/base/dma-contiguous.c 3. Renamed cm_alloc/free to dma_alloc/release_from_contiguous 4. Introduced global, system wide (default) contiguous area configured with kernel config and kernel cmdline parameters 5. Simplified initialization to just one function: dma_declare_contiguous() 6. Added example of device private memory contiguous area v10: 1. Rebased onto 3.0-rc2 and resolved all conflicts 2. Simplified CMA to be just a pure memory allocator, for use with platfrom/bus specific subsystems, like dma-mapping. Removed all device specific functions are calls. 3. Integrated with ARM DMA-mapping subsystem. 4. Code cleanup here and there. 5. Removed private context support. v9: 1. Rebased onto 2.6.39-rc1 and resolved all conflicts 2. Fixed a bunch of nasty bugs that happened when the allocation failed (mainly kernel oops due to NULL ptr dereference). 3. Introduced testing code: cma-regions compatibility layer and videobuf2-cma memory allocator module. v8: 1. The alloc_contig_range() function has now been separated from CMA and put in page_allocator.c. This function tries to migrate all LRU pages in specified range and then allocate the range using alloc_contig_freed_pages(). 2. Support for MIGRATE_CMA has been separated from the CMA code. I have not tested if CMA works with ZONE_MOVABLE but I see no reasons why it shouldn't. 3. I have added a @private argument when creating CMA contexts so that one can reserve memory and not share it with the rest of the system. This way, CMA acts only as allocation algorithm. v7: 1. A lot of functionality that handled driver->allocator_context mapping has been removed from the patchset. This is not to say that this code is not needed, it's just not worth posting everything in one patchset. Currently, CMA is "just" an allocator. It uses it's own migratetype (MIGRATE_CMA) for defining ranges of pageblokcs which behave just like ZONE_MOVABLE but dispite the latter can be put in arbitrary places. 2. The migration code that was introduced in the previous version actually started working. v6: 1. Most importantly, v6 introduces support for memory migration. The implementation is not yet complete though. Migration support means that when CMA is not using memory reserved for it, page allocator can allocate pages from it. When CMA wants to use the memory, the pages have to be moved and/or evicted as to make room for CMA. To make it possible it must be guaranteed that only movable and reclaimable pages are allocated in CMA controlled regions. This is done by introducing a MIGRATE_CMA migrate type that guarantees exactly that. Some of the migration code is "borrowed" from Kamezawa Hiroyuki's alloc_contig_pages() implementation. The main difference is that thanks to MIGRATE_CMA migrate type CMA assumes that memory controlled by CMA are is always movable or reclaimable so that it makes allocation decisions regardless of the whether some pages are actually allocated and migrates them if needed. The most interesting patches from the patchset that implement the functionality are: 09/13: mm: alloc_contig_free_pages() added 10/13: mm: MIGRATE_CMA migration type added 11/13: mm: MIGRATE_CMA isolation functions added 12/13: mm: cma: Migration support added [wip] Currently, kernel panics in some situations which I am trying to investigate. 2. cma_pin() and cma_unpin() functions has been added (after a conversation with Johan Mossberg). The idea is that whenever hardware does not use the memory (no transaction is on) the chunk can be moved around. This would allow defragmentation to be implemented if desired. No defragmentation algorithm is provided at this time. 3. Sysfs support has been replaced with debugfs. I always felt unsure about the sysfs interface and when Greg KH pointed it out I finally got to rewrite it to debugfs. v5: (intentionally left out as CMA v5 was identical to CMA v4) v4: 1. The "asterisk" flag has been removed in favour of requiring that platform will provide a "*=<regions>" rule in the map attribute. 2. The terminology has been changed slightly renaming "kind" to "type" of memory. In the previous revisions, the documentation indicated that device drivers define memory kinds and now, v3: 1. The command line parameters have been removed (and moved to a separate patch, the fourth one). As a consequence, the cma_set_defaults() function has been changed -- it no longer accepts a string with list of regions but an array of regions. 2. The "asterisk" attribute has been removed. Now, each region has an "asterisk" flag which lets one specify whether this region should by considered "asterisk" region. 3. SysFS support has been moved to a separate patch (the third one in the series) and now also includes list of regions. v2: 1. The "cma_map" command line have been removed. In exchange, a SysFS entry has been created under kernel/mm/contiguous. The intended way of specifying the attributes is a cma_set_defaults() function called by platform initialisation code. "regions" attribute (the string specified by "cma" command line parameter) can be overwritten with command line parameter; the other attributes can be changed during run-time using the SysFS entries. 2. The behaviour of the "map" attribute has been modified slightly. Currently, if no rule matches given device it is assigned regions specified by the "asterisk" attribute. It is by default built from the region names given in "regions" attribute. 3. Devices can register private regions as well as regions that can be shared but are not reserved using standard CMA mechanisms. A private region has no name and can be accessed only by devices that have the pointer to it. 4. The way allocators are registered has changed. Currently, a cma_allocator_register() function is used for that purpose. Moreover, allocators are attached to regions the first time memory is registered from the region or when allocator is registered which means that allocators can be dynamic modules that are loaded after the kernel booted (of course, it won't be possible to allocate a chunk of memory from a region if allocator is not loaded). 5. Index of new functions: +static inline dma_addr_t __must_check +cma_alloc_from(const char *regions, size_t size, + dma_addr_t alignment) +static inline int +cma_info_about(struct cma_info *info, const const char *regions) +int __must_check cma_region_register(struct cma_region *reg); +dma_addr_t __must_check +cma_alloc_from_region(struct cma_region *reg, + size_t size, dma_addr_t alignment); +static inline dma_addr_t __must_check +cma_alloc_from(const char *regions, + size_t size, dma_addr_t alignment); +int cma_allocator_register(struct cma_allocator *alloc); Patches in this patchset: mm: move some functions from memory_hotplug.c to page_isolation.c mm: alloc_contig_freed_pages() added Code "stolen" from Kamezawa. The first patch just moves code around and the second provide function for "allocates" already freed memory. mm: alloc_contig_range() added This is what Kamezawa asked: a function that tries to migrate all pages from given range and then use alloc_contig_freed_pages() (defined by the previous commit) to allocate those pages. mm: MIGRATE_CMA migration type added mm: MIGRATE_CMA isolation functions added Introduction of the new migratetype and support for it in CMA. MIGRATE_CMA works similar to ZONE_MOVABLE expect almost any memory range can be marked as one. mm: cma: Contiguous Memory Allocator added The code CMA code. Manages CMA contexts and performs memory allocations. ARM: integrate CMA with dma-mapping subsystem Main client of CMA frame work. CMA serves as a alloc_pages() replacement. ARM: S5PV210: example of CMA private area for FIMC device on Goni board Example of platform/board specific code that creates cma context and assigns it to particular device. Patch summary: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki (2): mm: move some functions from memory_hotplug.c to page_isolation.c mm: alloc_contig_freed_pages() added Marek Szyprowski (3): drivers: add Contiguous Memory Allocator ARM: integrate CMA with dma-mapping subsystem ARM: S5PV210: example of CMA private area for FIMC device on Goni board Michal Nazarewicz (3): mm: alloc_contig_range() added mm: MIGRATE_CMA migration type added mm: MIGRATE_CMA isolation functions added arch/arm/Kconfig | 1 + arch/arm/include/asm/device.h | 3 + arch/arm/include/asm/dma-mapping.h | 20 ++ arch/arm/mach-s5pv210/Kconfig | 1 + arch/arm/mach-s5pv210/mach-goni.c | 7 + arch/arm/mm/dma-mapping.c | 51 ++++-- arch/arm/mm/init.c | 3 + drivers/base/Kconfig | 77 ++++++++ drivers/base/Makefile | 1 + drivers/base/dma-contiguous.c | 367 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ include/linux/dma-contiguous.h | 104 ++++++++++ include/linux/mmzone.h | 43 ++++- include/linux/page-isolation.h | 54 ++++-- mm/Kconfig | 8 +- mm/compaction.c | 10 + mm/memory_hotplug.c | 111 ----------- mm/page_alloc.c | 293 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++--- mm/page_isolation.c | 130 ++++++++++++- 18 files changed, 1112 insertions(+), 172 deletions(-) create mode 100644 drivers/base/dma-contiguous.c create mode 100644 include/linux/dma-contiguous.h -- 184.108.40.2069.g6f426
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