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			Subsystem Trace Points: power

The power tracing system captures events related to power transitions
within the kernel. Broadly speaking there are three major subheadings:

  o Power state switch which reports events related to suspend (S-states),
     cpuidle (C-states) and cpufreq (P-states)
  o System clock related changes
  o Power domains related changes and transitions

This document describes what each of the tracepoints is and why they
might be useful.

Cf. include/trace/events/power.h for the events definitions.

1. Power state switch events

1.1 New trace API

A 'cpu' event class gathers the CPU-related events: cpuidle and

cpu_idle		"state=%lu cpu_id=%lu"
cpu_frequency		"state=%lu cpu_id=%lu"

A suspend event is used to indicate the system going in and out of the
suspend mode:

machine_suspend		"state=%lu"

Note: the value of '-1' or '4294967295' for state means an exit from the current state,
i.e. trace_cpu_idle(4, smp_processor_id()) means that the system
enters the idle state 4, while trace_cpu_idle(PWR_EVENT_EXIT, smp_processor_id())
means that the system exits the previous idle state.

The event which has 'state=4294967295' in the trace is very important to the user
space tools which are using it to detect the end of the current state, and so to
correctly draw the states diagrams and to calculate accurate statistics etc.


A new Kconfig option CONFIG_EVENT_POWER_TRACING_DEPRECATED with the default value of
'y' has been created. This allows the legacy trace power API to be used conjointly
with the new trace API.
The Kconfig option, the old trace API (in include/trace/events/power.h) and the
old trace points will disappear in a future release (namely 2.6.41).

power_start		"type=%lu state=%lu cpu_id=%lu"
power_frequency		"type=%lu state=%lu cpu_id=%lu"
power_end		"cpu_id=%lu"

The 'type' parameter takes one of those macros:
 . POWER_NONE	= 0,
 . POWER_CSTATE	= 1,	/* C-State */
 . POWER_PSTATE	= 2,	/* Fequency change or DVFS */

The 'state' parameter is set depending on the type:
 . Target C-state for type=POWER_CSTATE,
 . Target frequency for type=POWER_PSTATE,

power_end is used to indicate the exit of a state, corresponding to the latest
power_start event.

2. Clocks events
The clock events are used for clock enable/disable and for
clock rate change.

clock_enable		"%s state=%lu cpu_id=%lu"
clock_disable		"%s state=%lu cpu_id=%lu"
clock_set_rate		"%s state=%lu cpu_id=%lu"

The first parameter gives the clock name (e.g. "gpio1_iclk").
The second parameter is '1' for enable, '0' for disable, the target
clock rate for set_rate.

3. Power domains events
The power domain events are used for power domains transitions

power_domain_target	"%s state=%lu cpu_id=%lu"

The first parameter gives the power domain name (e.g. "mpu_pwrdm").
The second parameter is the power domain target state.

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