User: Password:
Subscribe / Log in / New account

How to develop against linux-next

How to develop against linux-next

Posted Jul 9, 2008 15:16 UTC (Wed) by jejb (subscriber, #6654)
In reply to: The current development kernel is...linux-next? by iabervon
Parent article: The current development kernel is...linux-next?

I assume from your comments that you're using git not quilt?  (since quilt doesn't really care
if you change the tree under it, you just do a quilt pop -a; install new tree; quilt push -a)

The way to develop against linux-next in git is to use git rebase --onto to move your patches
as linux-next changes.

So, assume you have a git tree with your patches on the master branch.  You also need to
record the base of your branch with either a tag or a branch (you do this before you start
adding patches) so that git format-patch base produces exactly all the patches you're
managing.  The way I set this up is to clone a tree (git clone <tree>) record the base (git
branch base) and simply develop committing along the way.

Now set up remote tracking branches (I tend to do one for linux-next and one for linus as):

git remote add -t master -f linus

git remote add -t master -f next

The point of keeping the linus tree is that eventually all the branches that comprise next are
merged into linus, at which point your patches will be ready for submission against vanilla

To download the current trees of the day, simply do a

git remote update

and to put your patches onto the current linux-next do

git rebase --onto remotes/next/master base

If this is successfully completed, you need to record the fact that you've moved the base of
your patches:

git branch -M base remotes/next/master

You can keep doing this as many times as linux-next updates.

If you think you're ready to try to place your patches onto vanilla linus, just repeat the
recipe but with remotes/linus/master instead of remotes/next/master.  If your attempt to
rebase onto linus fails (usually because of missing commits that were in linux-next that
you're relying on) simply do git rebase --abort.

(Log in to post comments)

How to develop against linux-next

Posted Jul 9, 2008 17:44 UTC (Wed) by iabervon (subscriber, #722) [Link]

The problem isn't that developing against a rebasing tree is too difficult, because it's
generally not too hard to update things. The problem is that developing against a rebasing
tree generates a repository which isn't suitable for inclusion in the rebasing tree. That is,
following your instructions would be fine if -next weren't a useful tree to try to get your
stuff into, but the resulting repository isn't something that Stephen can pull into -next.

I suppose if you're targeting 2.6.n+3 (or later) for inclusion, you could develop against
-next, but that's sort of pessimistic. And I think that, if it makes sense to publish your
changes at all, it makes sense to have them in a state where they go against vanilla linus.

Also note that, if you develop against -next, either it doesn't matter, because you don't have
any interactions with other people's changes, or you're going to waste a lot of time when a
tree that you interact with gets some conflict and Stephen drops it (requiring you to resolve
a slew of conflicts) and then picks it up again the next day (requiring you to resolve the
same slew of conflicts the other way, back to essentially the state you had before). And that
applies to quilt as well; quilt will happily let the base change under it, but you'll have
days when your code won't work without a pile of fixups, and the "bug" it will be due to is
that some code that you now require is temporarily and intentionally missing.

How to develop against linux-next

Posted Jul 9, 2008 19:14 UTC (Wed) by jejb (subscriber, #6654) [Link]

Well, if you're running a development tree, it isn't eligible for inclusion into linux-next,
since linux-next only consists of everything that will go in in the next merge window.  What
you'd be developing this way is a patch series being posted to a mailing list and refined.
Once it's ready for inclusion, and everyone's signed off, then you get your own tree or send
them to a subsystem maintainer (and usually the latter if you have conflicts against linus
because you need to go through the tree of the subsystem you're in conflict with).

With this method of development, you can be targeting 2.6.n+1 since the delta between linus
and linux-next goes to zero within the merge window.

The whole point of developing against linux next is to see where you do pick up conflicts.  If
you do and you don't resolve them (which the rebasing method allows you to), Linus is hardly
going to choose to merge your tree over the subsystem tree you just conflicted with.  It's far
easier to resolve conflicts incrementally (as in daily) than wait for weeks and see how bad it
becomes (believe me, I've done both).

How to develop against linux-next

Posted Nov 13, 2011 18:50 UTC (Sun) by cheako (guest, #81350) [Link]

I've some newb questions, just act like I'm dumb and any one explain it to me, please.

What tree should be cloned? Does one clone linux-next and then configure it as a remote?

What's the reason for "git branch base" prior to configuring the remotes?

Reading the help files is confusing, I belief I'll only learn via experience.
What I did was "get init" and then configured the remotes. Upon configuring the -next remote, I got this lovely response from GIT.

[pid 21426] connect(4, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(9418), sin_addr=inet_addr("")}, 16) = 0
[pid 21426] dup(4) = 5
[pid 21426] write(5, "0055git-upload-pack /pub/scm/lin"..., 85) = 85
[pid 21426] read(4, "", 4) = 0
[pid 21426] write(2, "fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly
"..., 43) = 43

Must have sent null byte first?

How to develop against linux-next

Posted Nov 13, 2011 20:46 UTC (Sun) by cheako (guest, #81350) [Link]

This is the way git says "Repo not found."

How to develop against linux-next

Posted Nov 13, 2011 20:43 UTC (Sun) by cheako (guest, #81350) [Link]

Linux-Next is has [1]moved from the old location.

1. git://

How to develop against linux-next

Posted Nov 13, 2011 20:56 UTC (Sun) by cheako (guest, #81350) [Link]

An example:
mkdir -p ~/src/kernel/
cd ~/src/kernel/
git init linux-next
cd linux-next
git remote add -t master -f linus git://
git remote add -t master -f next git://
git checkout remotes/next/master
git branch base

# vi/edit/commit/*rebase/view/ect till your harts content.
* Rebase done using instructions in original article, AFAIK.

Copyright © 2017, Eklektix, Inc.
Comments and public postings are copyrighted by their creators.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds