User: Password:
Subscribe / Log in / New account

Re: The performance and behaviour of the anti-fragmentation related patches

From:  Linus Torvalds <>
To:  Balbir Singh <>
Subject:  Re: The performance and behaviour of the anti-fragmentation related patches
Date:  Thu, 1 Mar 2007 19:44:27 -0800 (PST)
Cc:  Andrew Morton <>, Mel Gorman <>,,,,,,,,
Archive-link:  Article, Thread

On Fri, 2 Mar 2007, Balbir Singh wrote:
> > My personal opinion is that while I'm not a huge fan of virtualization,
> > these kinds of things really _can_ be handled more cleanly at that layer,
> > and not in the kernel at all. Afaik, it's what IBM already does, and has
> > been doing for a while. There's no shame in looking at what already works,
> > especially if it's simpler.
> Could you please clarify as to what "that layer" means - is it the
> firmware/hardware for virtualization? or does it refer to user space?

Virtualization in general. We don't know what it is - in IBM machines it's 
a hypervisor. With Xen and VMware, it's usually a hypervisor too. With 
KVM, it's obviously a host Linux kernel/user-process combination.

The point being that in the guests, hotunplug is almost useless (for 
bigger ranges), and we're much better off just telling the virtualization 
hosts on a per-page level whether we care about a page or not, than to 
worry about fragmentation.

And in hosts, we usually don't care EITHER, since it's usually done in a 

> It would also be useful to have a resource controller like per-container
> RSS control (container refers to a task grouping) within the kernel or
> non-virtualized environments as well.

.. but this has again no impact on anti-fragmentation.

In other words, I really don't see a huge upside. I see *lots* of 
downsides, but upsides? Not so much. Almost everybody who wants unplug 
wants virtualization, and right now none of the "big virtualization" 
people would want to have kernel-level anti-fragmentation anyway sicne 
they'd need to do it on their own.


(Log in to post comments)

Copyright © 2007, Eklektix, Inc.
Comments and public postings are copyrighted by their creators.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds