Kino does destructive editing, much like Photoshop or Audacity. Your original clips are not modified, but any intermediate states are lost as you continue editing. This is a real nightmare for any advanced image processing tricks, compositing, etc.
On the other hand, Cinelerra does non-destructive editing: effects are just piled on top of your original clips, they can be removed at any time, their order changed... Like Ardour for audio, or Aperture for raster images (for Mac OS X; I don't know of any program for non-destructive raster edition on Linux, sorry). This makes a huge difference with more sophisticated projects.
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