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atomic: introduce atomic_cmpxchg

From:  Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>
To:  Linux Kernel Mailing List <Linux-Kernel@Vger.Kernel.ORG>
Subject:  [PATCH 1/5] atomic: introduce atomic_cmpxchg
Date:  Thu, 15 Sep 2005 00:48:05 +1000
Cc:  Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com>

This patch still needs work on arm (v6) and m32r. I would
just be shooting in the dark if I attempted either myself.

-- 
SUSE Labs, Novell Inc.


Introduce an atomic_cmpxchg operation. Implement this for i386 and ppc64.

Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>

Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-i386/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-i386/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-i386/atomic.h
@@ -215,6 +215,8 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_sub_return(
 	return atomic_add_return(-i,v);
 }
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, old, new) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), old, new))
+
 #define atomic_inc_return(v)  (atomic_add_return(1,v))
 #define atomic_dec_return(v)  (atomic_sub_return(1,v))
 
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-ppc64/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-ppc64/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-ppc64/atomic.h
@@ -162,6 +162,8 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_dec_return(
 	return t;
 }
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))
+
 #define atomic_sub_and_test(a, v)	(atomic_sub_return((a), (v)) == 0)
 #define atomic_dec_and_test(v)		(atomic_dec_return((v)) == 0)
 
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-ia64/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-ia64/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-ia64/atomic.h
@@ -88,6 +88,8 @@ ia64_atomic64_sub (__s64 i, atomic64_t *
 	return new;
 }
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, old, new) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), old, new))
+
 #define atomic_add_return(i,v)						\
 ({									\
 	int __ia64_aar_i = (i);						\
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-x86_64/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-x86_64/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-x86_64/atomic.h
@@ -360,6 +360,8 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_sub_return(
 	return atomic_add_return(-i,v);
 }
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, old, new) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), old, new))
+
 #define atomic_inc_return(v)  (atomic_add_return(1,v))
 #define atomic_dec_return(v)  (atomic_sub_return(1,v))
 
Index: linux-2.6/Documentation/atomic_ops.txt
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/Documentation/atomic_ops.txt
+++ linux-2.6/Documentation/atomic_ops.txt
@@ -115,6 +115,21 @@ boolean is return which indicates whethe
 is negative.  It requires explicit memory barrier semantics around the
 operation.
 
+Finally:
+
+	int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new);
+
+This performs an atomic compare exchange operation on the atomic value v,
+with the given old and new values. Like all atomic_xxx operations,
+atomic_cmpxchg will only satisfy its atomicity semantics as long as all
+other accesses of *v are performed through atomic_xxx operations.
+
+atomic_cmpxchg requires explicit memory barriers around the operation.
+
+The semantics for atomic_cmpxchg are the same as those defined for 'cas'
+below.
+
+
 If a caller requires memory barrier semantics around an atomic_t
 operation which does not return a value, a set of interfaces are
 defined which accomplish this:
Index: linux-2.6/arch/sparc/lib/atomic32.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/arch/sparc/lib/atomic32.c
+++ linux-2.6/arch/sparc/lib/atomic32.c
@@ -38,6 +38,20 @@ int __atomic_add_return(int i, atomic_t 
 	return ret;
 }
 
+int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new)
+{
+	int ret;
+	unsigned long flags;
+	spin_lock_irqsave(ATOMIC_HASH(v), flags);
+
+	ret = v->counter;
+	if (likely(ret == old))
+		v->counter = new;
+
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(ATOMIC_HASH(v), flags);
+	return ret;
+}
+
 void atomic_set(atomic_t *v, int i)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-sparc/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-sparc/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-sparc/atomic.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ typedef struct { volatile int counter; }
 #define ATOMIC_INIT(i)  { (i) }
 
 extern int __atomic_add_return(int, atomic_t *);
+extern int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *, int, int);
 extern void atomic_set(atomic_t *, int);
 
 #define atomic_read(v)          ((v)->counter)
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-alpha/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-alpha/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-alpha/atomic.h
@@ -171,6 +171,8 @@ static __inline__ long atomic64_sub_retu
 	return result;
 }
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))
+
 #define atomic_dec_return(v) atomic_sub_return(1,(v))
 #define atomic64_dec_return(v) atomic64_sub_return(1,(v))
 
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-m68k/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-m68k/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-m68k/atomic.h
@@ -139,6 +139,8 @@ static inline void atomic_set_mask(unsig
 	__asm__ __volatile__("orl %1,%0" : "+m" (*v) : "id" (mask));
 }
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))
+
 /* Atomic operations are already serializing */
 #define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec()	barrier()
 #define smp_mb__after_atomic_dec()	barrier()
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-m68knommu/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-m68knommu/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-m68knommu/atomic.h
@@ -128,6 +128,8 @@ extern __inline__ int atomic_sub_return(
 	return temp;
 }
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))
+
 #define atomic_dec_return(v) atomic_sub_return(1,(v))
 #define atomic_inc_return(v) atomic_add_return(1,(v))
 
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-mips/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-mips/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-mips/atomic.h
@@ -267,6 +267,8 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_sub_if_posi
 	return result;
 }
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))
+
 #define atomic_dec_return(v) atomic_sub_return(1,(v))
 #define atomic_inc_return(v) atomic_add_return(1,(v))
 
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-parisc/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-parisc/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-parisc/atomic.h
@@ -164,6 +164,7 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_read(const 
 }
 
 /* exported interface */
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))
 
 #define atomic_add(i,v)	((void)(__atomic_add_return( ((int)i),(v))))
 #define atomic_sub(i,v)	((void)(__atomic_add_return(-((int)i),(v))))
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-ppc/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-ppc/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-ppc/atomic.h
@@ -177,6 +177,8 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_dec_return(
 	return t;
 }
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))
+
 #define atomic_sub_and_test(a, v)	(atomic_sub_return((a), (v)) == 0)
 #define atomic_dec_and_test(v)		(atomic_dec_return((v)) == 0)
 
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-s390/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-s390/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-s390/atomic.h
@@ -198,6 +198,8 @@ atomic_compare_and_swap(int expected_old
         return retval;
 }
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) (atomic_compare_and_swap((o), (n), &((v)->counter)))
+
 #define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec()	smp_mb()
 #define smp_mb__after_atomic_dec()	smp_mb()
 #define smp_mb__before_atomic_inc()	smp_mb()
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-sparc64/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-sparc64/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-sparc64/atomic.h
@@ -70,6 +70,8 @@ extern int atomic64_sub_ret(int, atomic6
 #define atomic_add_negative(i, v) (atomic_add_ret(i, v) < 0)
 #define atomic64_add_negative(i, v) (atomic64_add_ret(i, v) < 0)
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))
+
 /* Atomic operations are already serializing */
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 #define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec()	membar_storeload_loadload();
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-arm26/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-arm26/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-arm26/atomic.h
@@ -62,6 +62,20 @@ static inline int atomic_sub_return(int 
         return val;
 }
 
+static inline int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new)
+{
+	int ret;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+        local_irq_save(flags);
+	ret = v->counter;
+	if (likely(ret == old))
+		v->counter = new;
+        local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static inline void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned long mask, unsigned long *addr)
 {
         unsigned long flags;
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-frv/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-frv/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-frv/atomic.h
@@ -414,4 +414,6 @@ extern uint32_t __cmpxchg_32(uint32_t *v
 
 #endif
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, old, new) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), old, new))
+
 #endif /* _ASM_ATOMIC_H */
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-h8300/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-h8300/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-h8300/atomic.h
@@ -82,6 +82,18 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_dec_and_tes
 	return ret == 0;
 }
 
+static __inline__ int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new)
+{
+        int ret;
+        unsigned long flags;
+        local_irq_save(flags);
+        ret = v->counter;
+        if (likely(ret == old))
+                v->counter = new;
+        local_irq_restore(flags);
+        return ret;
+}
+
 static __inline__ void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned long mask, unsigned long *v)
 {
 	__asm__ __volatile__("stc ccr,r1l\n\t"
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-sh64/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-sh64/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-sh64/atomic.h
@@ -99,6 +99,20 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_sub_return(
 #define atomic_inc(v) atomic_add(1,(v))
 #define atomic_dec(v) atomic_sub(1,(v))
 
+static __inline__ int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new)
+{
+        int ret;
+        unsigned long flags;
+
+        local_irq_save(flags);
+        ret = v->counter;
+        if (likely(ret == old))
+                v->counter = new;
+        local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+        return ret;
+}
+
 static __inline__ void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned int mask, atomic_t *v)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-v850/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-v850/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-v850/atomic.h
@@ -90,6 +90,20 @@ static __inline__ void atomic_clear_mask
 #define atomic_dec_and_test(v)		(atomic_sub_return (1, (v)) == 0)
 #define atomic_add_negative(i,v)	(atomic_add_return ((i), (v)) < 0)
 
+static __inline__ int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new)
+{
+        int ret;
+        unsigned long flags;
+
+        local_irq_save(flags);
+        ret = v->counter;
+        if (likely(ret == old))
+                v->counter = new;
+        local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+        return ret;
+}
+
 /* Atomic operations are already serializing on ARM */
 #define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec()	barrier()
 #define smp_mb__after_atomic_dec()	barrier()
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-xtensa/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-xtensa/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-xtensa/atomic.h
@@ -223,6 +223,7 @@ static inline int atomic_sub_return(int 
  */
 #define atomic_add_negative(i,v) (atomic_add_return((i),(v)) < 0)
 
+#define atomic_cmpxchg(v, o, n) ((int)cmpxchg(&((v)->counter), (o), (n)))
 
 static inline void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned int mask, atomic_t *v)
 {
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-sh/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-sh/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-sh/atomic.h
@@ -87,6 +87,20 @@ static __inline__ int atomic_sub_return(
 #define atomic_inc(v) atomic_add(1,(v))
 #define atomic_dec(v) atomic_sub(1,(v))
 
+static __inline__ int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new)
+{
+        int ret;
+        unsigned long flags;
+
+        local_irq_save(flags);
+        ret = v->counter;
+        if (likely(ret == old))
+                v->counter = new;
+        local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+        return ret;
+}
+
 static __inline__ void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned int mask, atomic_t *v)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-arm/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-arm/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-arm/atomic.h
@@ -131,6 +131,21 @@ static inline int atomic_sub_return(int 
 	return val;
 }
 
+static inline int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new)
+{
+	int ret;
+	unsigned long flags;
+
+        local_irq_save(flags);
+	ret = v->counter;
+	if (likely(ret == old))
+		v->counter = new;
+        local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static inline void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned long mask, unsigned long *addr)
 static inline void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned long mask, unsigned long *addr)
 {
 	unsigned long flags;
Index: linux-2.6/include/asm-cris/atomic.h
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.orig/include/asm-cris/atomic.h
+++ linux-2.6/include/asm-cris/atomic.h
@@ -123,6 +123,19 @@ extern __inline__ int atomic_inc_and_tes
 	return retval;
 }
 
+static __inline__ int atomic_cmpxchg(atomic_t *v, int old, int new)
+{
+	int ret;
+	unsigned long flags;
+        cris_atomic_save(v, flags);
+	ret = v->counter;
+	if (likely(ret == old))
+		v->counter = new;
+        cris_atomic_restore(v, flags);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static inline void atomic_clear_mask(unsigned long mask, unsigned long *addr)
 /* Atomic operations are already serializing */
 #define smp_mb__before_atomic_dec()    barrier()
 #define smp_mb__after_atomic_dec()     barrier()



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