|| ||Rik van Riel <firstname.lastname@example.org>|
|| ||[RFC PATCH 0/10] split anon and file LRUs|
|| ||Sat, 3 Nov 2007 18:42:29 -0400|
The current page replacement scheme in Linux has a number of problems,
which can be boiled down to:
- Sometimes the kernel evicts the wrong pages, which can result in
- The kernel scans over pages that should not be evicted. On systems
with a few GB of RAM, this can result in the VM using an annoying
amount of CPU. On systems with >128GB of RAM, this can knock the
system out for hours since excess CPU use is compounded with lock
contention and other issues.
This patch series tries to address the issues by splitting the LRU
lists into two sets, one for swap/ram backed pages ("anon") and
one for filesystem backed pages ("file").
The current version only has the infrastructure. Large changes to
the page replacement policy will follow later.
More details can be found on this page:
- have any mlocked and ramfs pages live off of the LRU list,
so we do not need to scan these pages
- switch to SEQ replacement for the anon LRU lists, so the
worst case number of pages to scan is reduced greatly.
- figure out if the file LRU lists need page replacement
changes to help with worst case scenarios
- implement and benchmark a scalable non-resident page
tracking implementation in the radix tree, this may make
the anon/file balancing algorithm more stable and could
allow for further simplifications in the balancing algorithm
"Debugging is twice as hard as writing the code in the first place.
Therefore, if you write the code as cleverly as possible, you are,
by definition, not smart enough to debug it." - Brian W. Kernighan